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Consequences du jugement de Paposhvili

18.01.2018  16:14

Conséquences du jugement de Paposhvili

Suite au jugement rendu par la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme dans le dossier concernant Paposhvili contre la Belgique le 13 décembre 2016, les autorités danoises ajustent l’instruction de certains dossiers concernant le permis de séjour humanitaire au Danemark. Une note d’information concernant le contenu et les effets de cet ajustement sera publiée prochainement en danois et anglais sur le site internet du Ministère de l’immigration et de l’Intégration,

La description ci-dessous décrit le procès relatif à cet ajustement de l’instruction en anglais.


On 13 December 2016, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights gave its ruling in the case Paposhvili v. Belgium on the interpretation of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) in a case concerning the removal of a seriously ill alien.

Firstly, in this ruling, the European Court of Human Rights for the first time gave an account of the "very exceptional cases" where removal of a seriously ill alien, although not at imminent risk of dying, raises an issue under Article 3 of the ECHR. The Court states that such cases concern seriously ill aliens for whom it is assumed that the alien, without treatment in their country of origin, would face a serious, rapid, and irreversible decline in his or her state of health, which will result in their intense suffering or in a significant reduction of their life expectancy.

Secondly, the ruling implies that member states, including Denmark, have an extended obligation of inquiry in such cases.

Accordingly, Denmark, when faced with such cases must establish - as was done hitherto in previous procedures - whether the necessary treatment is available in the country of origin (availability).

In cases where, on the basis of the alien’s own situation, there are serious reasons to believe that there is no actual access to treatment in his or her country of origin (accessibility), Denmark will now have to examine this question more closely. The examination of the actual accessibility shall take into account the costs of the medication and treatment concerned the existence of a social and family network, and the distance to travel in order to have access to the required care. The threshold for considering that a person does not have actual access to treatment remains high.

Consequently, there is a need to adjust domestic procedures to ensure that the ministry, to a greater extent than today, examines the question of actual accessibility closer before making a decision on residence permits on grounds of health.

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